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Drug and alcohol addiction also called as substance abuse and is a common and chronic, often relapsing disease that impacts the brain which creates a compulsive environment for the abuser to seek and use them, despite knowing the harmful consequences caused by drugs and alcohol to them and the society. Long term use of drugs and alcohol can impair a person's self-control and ability to make sound decisions, and also creates an impulse to take them repeatedly. It is because of these changes in the brain, quitting the habit of substance abuse becomes challenging. Combining medications along with rehabilitation is the best way to success in de addiction in these patients.

What is rehabilitation centre?

Rehabilitation is a method to recover from any chromic disease, injury, or addiction to a normal state where an individual feels fit and strong. A place which caters to such needs is called a Rehabilitation centre. Most of these centres are places where patients feel uncomfortable to join these centres and in such cases the rehabilitation therapist visits their home. Every rehabilitation centre has a rehabilitation therapist who is a trained professional who helps these abusers to return back to normal state of life. The therapists, counsellors, and physicians are an integral part of rehabilitation centre.

The main purpose of visiting a rehabilitation centre is to restore the patient's mental and physical strength lost due to addiction and its effects. By this, the patient regains losses that cannot be easily cured medically

Treatment in rehabilitation centre

The doctor along with the rehabilitation therapist helps the patient to get over or helps them to recover from their addiction. It is frightening for most patients initially to be enrolled in these centres. The psychological as well as the physical aspects of dependency on alcohol or drugs are addressed. To overcome the physical dependency, the doctor prescribes medicines to help ease out the symptoms of withdrawal. This is a very challenging and most important task in breaking the individual's addiction.

In cases of addiction the brain is in a state of dependency. So it is very difficult to recover sooner from addiction. Hence mental and psychological therapy is combined with medicines to help them overcome addiction. Mental therapy helps the patient to think correctly, regain mental strength, helps in doing daily activities with ease. The psychological therapy in case of de-addiction is a group therapy and get psychiatric help. Initially, the patient is counselled individually and then group therapy is performed. In group therapy, patients are expected to take part in sessions where there are other addicts who are at various stages of their recovery process.

The duration of therapy depends on the patient's level of addiction and response to therapy. The minimum time required to stay in rehabilitation centre is 30 days.

Methods used to cure in rehabilitation centres:

No two addicts are similar, so procedures and methods are different. While some programmes rely on medicines, others use more of natural or holistic techniques. The duration varies on the addiction of the patient. The patient can enrol as a resident and avail free medicines and undergo mental, psychological, and group therapy. Rehabilitation is also possible as outpatient. But this would be a longer process as compared to inpatient.

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The phases in a drug rehabilitation programme

The rehabilitation programme varies from centre to centre. All the centres follow 4 phases in the rehabilitation programme.

  1. Initial check-up of patient: The programme starts with initial preliminary assessment of patients which involves certain tests as part of medical investigation which they undergo. This is very important for the treating doctor to be familiar with the patient’s physical complications if any.
  2.  Motivational intervention: This is a very important phase in the drug rehabilitation programme. Some addicts refuse to undergo treatment and in such cases motivational therapy plays a vital role. In some cases involvement of families may also be required.
  3. Detoxification process: Addicts have piled up toxins in their body. So detoxification becomes very important part of the rehabilitation programme to detoxify them.
  4. Aftercare programme:  Drug rehabilitation programme is incomplete without aftercare programme. This is very important in getting rid of recurrence of urges completely. This includes therapies, certain techniques, and changes in lifestyle. Active participation of the patient’s family members is required so that the addict will not feel lonely.